In the process of development of the disease is a thinning of the cartilage covering the joint, the pathological changes are the ligaments, the joint deforms and loses its ability to make the necessary movements. Almost all of us have met elderly people with gnarled, disfigured by disease fingers. This is arthritis that affects the hands; it brings suffering, pain and deprives people of the opportunity for example to hold Cup or button up.
The causes of the disease can be:
The disease can occur in acute or chronic form. The consequences of chronic arthritis is no less dangerous than occur in the acute form, but to detect it and start treatment is sometimes possible only at the stage when the full recovery of the joint is impossible.
Common symptoms of arthritis of the hands include:
Competent diagnosis is important for effective treatment of any disease. During examination of the patient with suspected arthritis of the hands, first of all identified visible symptoms, then held x-ray examination of the joints of the hands and assigned tests:
A comprehensive treatment of arthritis includes drug therapy.
To reduce pain, relieve inflammation and swelling are prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids .
To stop the destruction of cartilage tissue of the joint, the patient can assign chondro protectores containing glucosamine sulfate, chondroitin sulfate, organic sulfur (methylsulfonylmethane), a complex atilovykh and fatty acids . As drugs acting on the cause of the disease, apply penicillamine, cytotoxic agents and sulfonamides.
Physiotherapy treatments help reduce stiffness, inflammation and pain, help to preserve the functional ability of the joints of the hands. What is the procedure:
To maintain and increase range of motion in the joints of the hands help massage and rehabilitation exercises. Another way arthritis therapy – the correction of power. The diet should be foods rich in vitamins E, D and antioxidants: liver, fish, vegetables and fruits, nuts, bran.
Radical treatment for advanced forms of the disease is surgical intervention. In place of the destroyed joint, brush the denture or bones of the hand are fixed in a stationary state. The last option is called in posuere eget and is used to relieve the patient from pain.
To avoid severe complications or surgery, you need to consult a doctor and start therapy. Arthritis of the hands first and second degrees in most cases, cured completely.