Arthritis of the knee - symptoms and treatment of the disease

It is known that the stronger the bones are, the less the risk of development of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Alas, there are many factors that worsen the human condition. For example, the very vulnerable are knee joints, which bear the maximum load. They can develop inflammatory processes, can make a person disabled.

arthritis of the knee joint

What is arthritis of the knee joint

Rheumatologists noted with concern the fact that the growth and rejuvenation of the disease. What is arthritis of the knee? The so-called disease in which inflammation occurs the kneecap. Arthritis of the knee is progressing slowly but surely, causing people great discomfort. The primary form occurs in case of contact with infectious agent in cases of injuries, fractures, bruises, secondary – through the flow of blood, lymph upon different diseases. Some types of the disease:

  • rheumatoid;
  • arthrosis and arthritis;
  • jet;
  • tuberculosis;
  • post-traumatic.

Causes of arthritis

The disease can occur as an independent disease, to be concomitant with others. The main causes of arthritis knee joint:

  • infection;
  • injuries, bruises;
  • allergies, for example, for medicines;
  • the metabolic disorders in the bone structures;
  • heredity, the presence of genetic abnormalities;
  • long-standing position throughout the day;
  • incorrect position of the bones;
  • untreated diseases;
  • General hypothermia, frostbite of the feet;
  • presence of diseases: tuberculosis, Behcet's disease, gonorrhoea, syphilis, phlebitis, lupus, gout (gouty arthritis), leukemia, and others;
  • the bite of some insect species.

Diagnosis

diagnosis of arthritis

To cure a person, the doctor performs a diagnosis of the disease. First, he conducts an external examination of the patient, listens to complaints, inspects physical activity. For the diagnosis of arthritis necessarily assigned to the x-ray, which shows signs of the disease: reduced bone density, fusion, deformation of the articular surfaces, ankylosis, erosion, sites.

Other than x-rays, the patient is sent for a blood test. General study in pathology shows increased amount of white blood cells, platelets, increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate, biochemical – the presence of rheumatoid factor, CRP. In rare cases, for the diagnosis of the disease using MRI, ultrasound, a sample of the'byrne, a CT scan, a biopsy of the synovial membrane.

Arthritis of the knee joint in children

Described the disease affects kids for various reasons, among which: impaired metabolism, weak immune system, heredity, trauma, hypothermia. Arthritis of the knee joint in a child under 2 years is very difficult to quantify, because the kid is unable to describe the unpleasant symptoms, but only acts up, avoiding any sudden movements. To determine the disease can be lameness, vagaries in the Commission of any movement. To cure it, you need a full examination.

Symptoms

Signs of arthritis generally depend on the cause of the disease. There are some common symptoms that show up when any etiology. This:

  1. Pain. The symptom is intermittent, in the initial stage appears periodically, as the progression can become permanent. Worse after heavy loads, worries in the morning. In acute course of pain in knee throbbing does not allow to make sudden movements.
  2. Swelling in the periarticular region. It appears due to the joint that is inflamed and independently is not reduced.
  3. Limitation of range of motion in the knee.
  4. Deformation. Initially, the symptom appears because of the pain, then the wrong position can be fixed.

Other possible symptoms of arthritis of the knee joint:

  • redness in the affected area;
  • massive swelling of the tissues;
  • a feeling of heaviness in the leg;
  • the increase in temperature of the body, chills;
  • abscesses;
  • excessive sweating;
  • erosion of the damaged surface;
  • weakness;
  • atrophy of the adjacent muscles;
  • reduced appetite;
  • the accumulation of scar tissue, exudate in the joint.
the symptoms of arthritis

Arthritis knee joint treatment

To improve the human condition, reduce inflammation, eliminate the consequences, to prevent the spread of infection, require long-term, comprehensive therapy. When the diagnosis of arthritis of the knee – symptoms and treatment should be of interest to you. Typically, doctors use conservative methods: medications, local injections, physical therapy, vitamins, physiotherapy. If there is excessive accumulation of pus, severe cases, a surgical method. Learn more about how to treat arthritis of the knee joint in the specified ways.

Cure arthritis

How to treat a knee joint, what is the cure for arthritis to use? The most common group of drugs prescribed by doctors:

  1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory tablets to reduce pain.
  2. Corticosteroids for quick relief of pain, elimination of edema.
  3. Drugs for the joints. Contain substances that restore the deformed articular cartilage, normalizes metabolic processes. These medication pills, injections effect are at the first degree of the lesion.

Ointment

As with arthritis, for topical application are often used ointments. They are quickly absorbed into the skin, reaching the damaged area and relieve pain, soothe the inflammation. You can use ointments to relieve the pain and inflammation, as well as warm up the joints.

Physical therapy

In periods of remission, arthrosis, arthritis patients should eat a diet, special exercises designed to strengthen muscles, restore cartilage, reduce pain. As a rule, exercises for arthritis of the knee joint is performed lying down or sitting. It is useful to do in the water. Helps to cure and massage. It relieves stiffness in the legs, is the prevention of muscle atrophy. In addition, massage provides blood to the damaged areas. Examples of effective exercises to treat:

  • to sit on a chair, to swing back and forth, first the left foot, then right;
  • in a seated position raise one leg parallel to the floor after 5 seconds to let go; the same thing again with the other.
arthritis physical therapy

The arthritis treatment at home folk remedies

Traditional methods should be used simultaneously with medications, injections, massage, ointments, proper nutrition. A simple method is to use a compress of cabbage. You need to remove the cabbage leaves and apply on the concave side of the med. Treated cabbage leaves should be applied to the knee in the evening. Leave on while sleeping, morning clean. The procedure to do for months. Treatment of knee joint folk remedies you can implement Apple cider vinegar, taking it out about 5 times a day, diluting 1 teaspoon in a glass of water. Duration of treatment – 3-4 weeks.

28.06.2019