Arthritis of the knee: causes, symptoms, effective treatment

Arthritis of the knee joint (driving) is a disease characterized by inflammation inside the joint or in the periarticular region. Occurs as a result of complications after colds, the appearance in the body of infection, of bad heredity, etc leads to dysfunction of the knee. The inflammatory process is associated with pain, stiffness, swelling, joint and nearby tissues. Depending on the degree of development of knee arthritis causes discomfort that occurs during movements, and in the later stages to severe pain and immobility of the patient.

arthritis of the knee joint

The absence of treatment becomes a cause leading to the deterioration of the quality of life, and the emergence of the severe forms – the disability of the patients. Time missed measures for the stabilization and normalization of natural processes lead to rapid and complete destruction of the bone tissue. This is due to the large load, which daily affected joint. In this regard, the proper organization of treatment and forming of necessary conditions is an important task of the physician and relatives of a patient with arthritis of the knee joint.

Varieties of the disease

When the diagnosis there are several most common varieties of arthritis, characterized by the nature of the occurrence:

  • rheumatoid. Common form of the disease knee joint. There is a genetic predisposition, hormonal disorders, bad habits, infection, injuries, hypothermia, etc.;
  • post-traumatic. Development begins in the result of closed injuries of the knee, accompanied by hemarthrosis (bleeding in joint);
  • deforming, degenerative disease of the joints characterized by pain and turgidity, the resulting enhanced cartilage loss;
  • jet. Among the reasons often referred to infections affecting the urinary or digestive system;
  • purulent. Symptoms provoke staphylococci and other infectious agents. The disease can be diagnosed in children and adults. Thus, to identify the root cause quite difficult;
  • gouty. The disease occurs due to deposits of salts of uric acid and disorders in metabolic processes. The disease most often appears in men than in women. With the variety crumbles articular cartilage, and the resulting cavities are filled with crystals of sodium urate (salt of uric acid). Symptoms is the appearance of acute pain, often at night;
  • for localization arthritis of the knee joint is single or double sided.

The concept artrose-arthritis of the knee joint is missing in the medical classifiers, but doctors often use the name of the diagnosis to the patient. In this case, the observed failures in the ligamentous and cartilaginous node associated with inflammation of the joint.

An obvious symptom of this condition is pain that increases during exercise. The emergence of such symptoms should prompt the patient to take the help of the doctor, in time to his advice and the appropriate assignments. If you don't do this generally or permanently postpone the visit to a specialist, further treatment may not give positive effect, which further increases the chances of developing severe disease of the joint.

Extent and forms of arthritis of the knee joint

arthritis of the knee joint degree

During the progression of arthritis of the knee joint is the refinement of the cartilage, which is necessary to protect the Foundation of the adjacent bones. The disease affects joint, which accounts for the large weight load. The bone tissue becomes fragile, collapses forming bone spurs that can damage muscles and nerve endings. This leads to deformation of the joint and stiffness.

Mechanism of arthritis is not fully understood. We only know that change can occur at any age, but being overweight accelerates the course of the destructive processes in the joints.

Manifestation of knee arthritis can be a result of various illnesses, and independently developing the disease. For this reason, there are primary and secondary form of the disease. In primary arthritis occurs deformation and thinning of the cartilage cavity. Lupus erythematosus, rheumatism and psoriasis provoke the development of secondary arthritis.

Onset of the disease often goes unnoticed, no serious complications, does not change the shape and size of bones. In such cases, particular importance is preventive study, analysis, prescribed by a doctor to identify the disease at an initial or early stage.

This is especially true of groups at risk – patients whose relatives suffer from a similar ailment.

Causes of arthritis of the knee joint

Bone deformity of the knee may be accompanied by inflammation in the muscles. This greatly affects posture and gait. Mistakenly believed that the cause of the arthritis becomes advanced age of the patient and age-related changes occurring in the body. Some types of knee arthritis can occur at the age from 25 to 55 years. It is worth noting that women are three times more susceptible to the disease than men.

Despite the fact that arthritis of the knee completely, there is no cure, early treatment mitigates the symptoms. Thanks to timely treatment, less likelihood of loss of joint mobility. Exception – a small percentage of patients with severe and unknown causes of disease (5% -10% ).

The disease is often associated with those who frequently oneratus joint, due to too intense or professional sport. This category of patients suffering from illness because of the disruption, as a result of injuries and heavy loads, the integrity of the cartilage and bones do not have the ability naturally to recover itself.

Studies of physicians indicate that the disease can develop on the background of immunodeficiency. It is associated with malfunction of the immune system that contribute to the destruction of bone tissue. Knee arthritis has an infectious nature and may not be transferred from a sick to healthy. Only some people have a high probability of developing the disease, and it is due to genetic or hereditary predisposition. Often the identification of arthritis of the knee joint in children appears on the background of allergies or disruption of the functioning of the thyroid gland.

arthritis of the knee symptoms

The knee arthritis. Symptoms

Arthritis of the knee joint – a dangerous disease that causes many complications. There are over 100 different types of the disease. It is therefore necessary to know the symptoms, preventive measures and treatments that help to eliminate or stop hazardous disease. Of the total number of cases, in 80% the disease affects the knee joint. Given the prevalence, is required to better understand the problem to protect yourself and to take the necessary measures.

Known common symptoms for any kind of arthritis knees:

  • stiffness in the affected joint in the morning;
  • aching or sharp pain at night;
  • inflammation, swelling, redness of the skin;
  • in severe forms – partial loss of motor function of the joint, deformity and a visible increase in the size of the knee.

In most cases the arthritis affects both knees. The patient concerned about fever and fatigue. When running the form, you may receive a Baker's cyst, decrease the mobility of the tendon and atrophy of muscle tissue.

There are systemic manifestations of the disease:

  • lose eye;
  • heart muscle;
  • atherosclerosis;
  • lung disease, etc.

In infectious arthritis of the knee joint significantly increased body temperature (to 39 degrees), there is pain in all joints, swelling of the knee, as well as the development of dermatitis. A distinctive symptom of gouty arthritis is the deterioration of the General condition of the patient after intake of alcohol. Some species appear purple or bluish spots on the skin.

Pain syndrome increases with incomplete flexion (because of the greatest tension of the tendons) or extension of the knee. Becomes painful walking up the stairs, rise from a seated position, and squatting virtually impossible. In left-hand arthritis usually difficulty driving a car because the discomfort is worse when you press on the pedal cars. Most often, pain due to arthritis develops gradually, but perhaps the sudden appearance of pain syndrome.

Diagnosis

arthritis of the knee joint diagnosis

In addition to visual methods of detecting signs of arthritis, it is possible to determine by palpation. This will require a visit to the doctor, where I held a compulsory medical examination. The doctor will perform an examination, studebat gait and condition of the patient's joint. Specialist subject explores the range of motion, presence of limp, the extent of the turgidities and a pain of the joint.

Be administered if necessary x-rays showing narrowing of the articular space of the knee joint. If not treated the disease, in most cases it becomes chronic.

Experts distinguish 3 main stages of development:

  • I (initial). Pain and discomfort are short-lived in nature, bothering, morning, night or when weather changes. On x-ray visible signs of thinning bones, increasing the density of muscle tissue, as well as appearing narrowing of the joint space.
  • II. Abnormal changes become more noticeable, swelling and pain are pronounced, there is a limitation of the knee. The picture shows a noticeable erosion, the drying up of the cartilage with simultaneous thickening of the capsule, narrowing of cartilage.
  • III. In the photo are distinguishable vast muscular dystrophy, signs of bone deformations, increased the growth of connective tissue, deposition of salts in the joint. Of articular cartilage tissue is almost completely destroyed.

When the diagnosis of arthritis can be used blood test and magnetic resonance introscopy (MRI).

Treatment of arthritis knee joint

Treatment of arthritis of the knee joint depends on the shape and symptoms of the disease. Usually starts with pain therapy helps to relieve pain and increase mobility of the knee joint. If diagnosed, the patient is encouraged to change some habits and their way of life, take care of reducing the load on the knee that will reduce pain. If the patient is overweight, correct and professionally designed weight loss program. It must combine an effective diet and exercise.

The choice of exercises should be entrusted to a professional trainer, as it must not harm or contribute to the further development of the disease. Good swimming, and Jogging or a long walk should be abandoned. To improved work and efficient treatment of the knee joint will lead exercises on flexibility.

Drugs and medical devices

Arthritis of the knee joint in most cases is characterized by inflammation and pain. Acute inflammation can take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Drugs should be chosen with great care, because the action may be accompanied by many side effects, especially if you want long-term use. Treatment of knee arthritis almost never runs without special supports or support devices. Ordinary walking stick, knee, orthopedic shoes will help to facilitate the movement, will give the opportunity to safely bend and straighten the knee joint.

arthritis of the knee prevention

Prevention

In most cases, arthritis of the knee suffer the adult and elderly population of the globe. Many people believe that the disease is an integral part of the aging process and not at all looking for effective ways of treatment. But the achievements of traditional medicine and modern alternative therapies, and timely diagnosis and treatment can significantly improve the quality of life of people suffering from this disease.

12.01.2019