Arthritis of the knee joint

Arthritis – inflammation of the knee joint. The disease slowly progresses and is accompanied by pain and discomfort during movement.

arthritis of the knee joint

This disease can lead to disability, it affects people at the age from 25 to 35 years, after 40 years, arthritis of the knee joint hurts, one of five women, and after 60 years, this disease affects every second person.

It is important to know the symptoms of arthritis of the knee, to be able to diagnose this insidious disease and to start treatment using medicines and folk remedies.

Reasons

Most often, knee arthritis occurs as a result of penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the joint, where it begins the development of the inflammatory process. This reaction is accompanied by redness of the skin on the patient's knee, increase its volume and impaired mobility. In most cases, puncture of the knee joint are purulent contents.

Depending on the pathological process, arthritis can be primary and secondary.

  1. Primary — starts for no apparent reason. Symptoms of arthritis in the knee joint occur as a result of trauma, rheumatoid abnormalities and pus-formando germs and infections.
  2. Secondary — occurs as a consequence of the development of related diseases: psoriasis, rheumatism, immune abnormalities, osteoarthritis.

The primary form involves the following types:

  1. Rheumatoid, the causes of which are still not been finally resolved;
  2. Trauma, the name of which indicates the development of inflammation as a result of the injury;
  3. Septic representing an inflammatory disease, triggered by pus-microbes formando;
  4. Idiopathic causes of which are unclear.
secondary arthritis

Secondary arthritis can result from other diseases of the knee joint. For example, reactive arthritis is a complication of infectious diseases of the genitourinary system or the gastrointestinal tract, and rheumatoid — severe autoimmune diseases, the causes of which are not fully understood.

The main risk factors for the development of the disease are:

  • belonging to the female sex;
  • age older than 45 years;
  • chronic infections – viral or bacterial – diseases;
  • congenital defects of locomotor apparatus;
  • genetic predisposition.

Signs

Regardless of the reasons for the development in the manifestation of various forms of arthritis is common symptoms:

  • pain, aggravated by movement;
  • edema and swelling of the affected joint;
  • the increase in temperature and redness of the skin in the area of inflammation;
  • a decrease of range of motion in the joint.

Symptoms were able to vary depending on the severity of the disease.

Symptoms

Arthritis knee symptoms are largely dependent on the immediate causes of the caller. So, acute knee arthritis begin suddenly and, unlike chronic, are characterized by severe intoxication. However, there is a similar non-specific signs of arthritis of any etiology.

A clear symptom of arthritis of the knee joint is the presence of pain. At first it may be weak to appear only under load and fade in peace. Then discomfort in the knee becomes regular, painful sensations arise more and more often.

May be a slight swelling of tissues and limited mobility in the joint. In the acute phase of increasing body temperature over the affected joint the skin becomes red, appears symptoms of intoxication: fatigue, lethargy, aching muscles.

It is possible to allocate 3 degrees of joint disease, consider the symptoms in more detail.

kind of arthritis
  1. With this degree the defeat of the articular cartilage is insignificant. Clinically manifested by pain in the joint during active movements, their reduction alone. Limitations no mobility, walking with a slight limp. Swelling of the joint is moderate, the skin is not changed. Body temperature 37,3-37,5 degrees.
  2. Pathological changes of the joints more noticeable pain and swelling of the pronounced mobility of the legs is limited. The tissue in x-ray diagnostics of visible erosion, remittit hyaline cartilage with simultaneous thickening of the capsule, narrowing its lumen. Perhaps the rise in body temperature to 38.5 degrees.
  3. This stage is characterized by deforming changes of the joints and bone tissues. With the development of the disease pain syndrome leads to sustained spasm of muscle tissue and its atrophy. X-ray of the joint shows narrowing of the joint space and the growth of osteophytes (outgrowths on the paired bones). The patient begins to suffer from tempestas clientelis. Changes in the weather affect the pain. The body temperature rises to high numbers of 39.0 degrees and above.

Arthritis of the knee joint in children also has its own characteristics: knee mostly hurts in the morning and during the day, the child almost did not complain. Often occurs after use of cold or SARS. It must be remembered that children also can develop juvenile rheumatoid arthritis with characteristic lesions of the articular surfaces and permanent deformity of the joints.

Treatment of arthritis knee joint

When diagnosed with arthritis of the knee treatment is carried out conservatively in the initial stages.

The choice of drugs depends on the cause of the disease. There are several varieties of inflammatory changes in the joints.

The complex of therapeutic measures includes:

medication
  1. NSAIDs to relieve inflammation and pain;
  2. Restoration of metabolic processes (reception chondroprotectors', vitamins, and Immunostimulants);
  3. Corticosteroids for the relief of acute pain in the form of injection into the joint cavity or chipping around the inflamed area.
  4. The normalization of the power of joint tissues;
  5. Getting rid of excess weight (auriculotherapy, diet, herbal medicine for improvement of metabolic processes and the breakdown of fat deposits in order to reduce the load on the knees);
  6. The restoration of normal physical activity, facultatem ad firmamentum of the lower extremities, resume full range of motion;
  7. External therapy – treatment ointments.
  8. Preventive measures to prevent recurrence of the disease.

Soreness will help to reduce not only medication, but also such supporting tools as a cane or crutches.

Medication

The use of medicines for arthritis consists of two areas:

  • pain;
  • recovery of cartilage tissue.

To reduce pain used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. For extra pain use corticosteroids.

Etiotropic treatment of arthritis of the knee joint is to restore the substance of cartilage. With this purpose, chondroprotectors. These substances improve the trophism of the cartilage tissue, normalize metabolism and promote the repair of articular cartilage.

Also effective are injections of hyaluronic acid. Penetrating into the cartilage tissue, these drugs increase the skin's elasticity, improving biomechanics of the damaged joint.

If the cause of inflammation in arthritis is infection without antibiotics not to manage.

operation arthritis

Operation

If the arthritis has gone far enough, it turns into arthritis. The disease is associated with degenerative affliction of the bone and cartilage. On the background of the pathology is the formation of cracks in menisci and synovial membranes. With the passage of time the tissues are destroyed and undergo degeneration.

To exclude the transformation of arthritis in the arthritis, surgeons perform arthroscopy. This intervention is carried out to review the state of the anatomical structures. Through a small incision in the joint cavity areas to review the status of the ligaments and cartilage. Using the tool, you can remove the pus and inflammatory fluid. To prevent bacterial inflammation inside the joint cavity antibiotics are.

Diet

A very important role in the treatment of arthritis is nutrition. The diet eliminates the intake of spicy and salty food. You need to eat more of fiber contained in fresh vegetables and fruits.

For the articular cartilage are beneficial components of seafood that contain natural chondroitin. Fat and amino acids in marine fish must be the main component of diets for arthritis of the knee joint.

Gymnastics

The chronic course of arthritis, and after removal of acute conditions, you must perform simple physical exercises:

To sit on a chair, and then swing legs (in turn) forward and back to a state of mild fatigue.

  1. From the same position to keep the leg parallel to the floor within 5 seconds. The number of repeats 10 times for each leg.
  2. Lying on the back should lift straight leg to a height of 25-30 cm and keep it for a few seconds. Repeat the exercise 6 times for each leg.
  3. An exercise simulating the Cycling, is performed lying on the floor for 1 minute.
  4. Lie on stomach and lift foot upwards, bending it at the knee. Thus it is necessary to pull the heel closer to the buttock.
  5. Sitting on the floor, body tilted forward, trying to reach the toes.

Doctor individually, taking into account the course of the disease can recommend other exercises that will be of a health nature.

treatment of folk remedies

How to treat arthritis of the knee joint folk remedies

Traditional medicine has many recipes in order to treat arthritis. For the treatment of knee joint used herbal, Shilajit, preparations based on clay, healing baths, confricantes and cream. Consider some of the recipes read more.

  1. Mix equal parts Valerian root, camomile and flowers of black elder. Mixture pour boiling water, bring to boil, cool, squeeze, put between two layers of gauze bandage to the affected joint, cover it with plastic or compress paper, leave the compress on the night. The compress has a pronounced analgesic effect.
  2. You can prepare a tincture for symptoms of knee arthritis from 20 grams of birch buds and 100 ml of 70 degree alcohol. The solution is infused for 2 weeks, pressed, filtered and taken 15-30 drops 3 times a day, mixing with a tablespoon of water. Keep tincture should in a cool dark place. You can apply for external friction with rheumatism and arthritis for the treatment of symptoms.
  3. Good analgesic and anti-inflammatory action have compresses from broth of Thistle, sleep-grass, flowers of calendula, hops and juniper berries, thyme, water extract of mistletoe.
  4. Two teaspoons of leaves of bilberry pour a glass of water and boil for 15 minutes. Cooled, filtered and discharged during the day in small SIPS. This tool is used for the treatment of calcification, spondylosis, rheumatism, arthritis, gout and edema.
  5. For pain in the joints helps the garlic, which is always in the house. Take 5 heads, peel and finely chop, pour 0.5 liters of vodka and insist 10 days in the dark. Before each eating to drink a teaspoon of tincture. If it is too strong, then the dose is diluted 3 tbsp boiled water. Or take 3 garlic cloves, cleansing wipe on a grater, add to it the juice squeezed out of ten lemons, and 1 tsp. minced horseradish. The mixture insist in a dark and warm place for 3 weeks. In a glass of water add a spoonful of the prepared elixir and drink morning and evening until the end of the infusion.
  6. Pretty good helps with arthritis decoction of Bay leaf. To do this, take a pack of Bay leaf and half put in the pan. Pour 300 ml of boiling water and boil for 5 minutes. After wrap better and allow to steep for three hours. After 3 hours, filter and drink before sleeping. And so 3 days in a row. Do not drink the last potion, don't be lazy and every day, prepare a new one. In a week we need to repeat the course. From the very beginning of a course repeated in a year.

Early treatment of arthritis is stopping the pathological process, and to the credit not only of drugs, but also folk, physiotherapy treatments, and diets.

19.12.2018